District Profile

 

Kurnool District is a district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, located in the west-central part of the state and is bounded by Mahbubnagar district of Telangana in the north, Raichur district of Karnataka in the northwest, Bellary district of Karnataka in the west, Anantapur district in the south, YSR Kadapa district in the South East and Prakasam district in the east. The city of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 4,053,463 of which 28.35% were urban as of 2011. It occupies 10th and 2nd place in terms of area in Largest Districts of India and Andhra Pradesh respectively, accounting for 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq. mi) and 53rd place in terms of Population in India.

History

Palaeolithic era

The Ketavaram rock paintings are dated back to the Palaeolithic era (located at a distance of 18 km (11 mi) from Kurnool). Also the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some important rock arts and painting's in their vicinity may be dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Buddhism and Jainism                                                                                 

Belum Caves are geologically and historically important caves in the district. There are indications that Jain's and Buddhist monks were occupying these caves centuries ago. Many Buddhists relics were found inside the caves. These relics are now housed in Museum at Anantapur.

Archaeological survey of India (ASI) also found remnants of vessels, etc. of pre-Buddhist era and has dated the remnants of vessels found in the caves to 4500 BC.

Medieval era

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Anantapur District) was elected from the Dhone assembly constituency in 1962 general elections and became the Chief Minister of AP. Again in 1977 general elections to the Lok Sabha, he won from the Nandyal Parliamentary constituency and became the speaker of the Lok Sabha. However he resigned and became the 6th President of the Republic of India. In 1970, part of Kurnool district was split off to become part of Prakasam district.

Kurnool District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Geography

Kurnool district occupies an area of approximately 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq. mi), comparatively equivalent to New Caledonia. The village of Ternekal lies within this region.

Kurnool is surrounded by districts of Mahbubnagar district of Telangana to the north, Anantapur district, Kadapa district to south, Prakasam district to east and Bellary of Karnataka to the west.

 Nallamalas and Erramalas are the two important mountain   ranges in   the   district running in parallel from North to South.   The Erramalas   divide   the district   into two   well defined tracts   from   East to   West.  Between Erramalas and Nallamalla   lies   the  Eastern  part of  the district  comprises  Nandikotkur,  Pagidyala,Kothapalli, amulapadu,  Atmakur,  Velgodu, Jupadu Bunglow,  Midthur,   BandiAtmakur,  Gadivemula,  Nandyal,  Mahanandi, Panyam, Banaganapalli,  Owk,  Koilakuntla,  Rudhravaram  and Chagalamarri Mandals.  This tract is crossed by the crest of Kurnool and Pennar, watershed at   the North part of the Pagidyala Mandal at about 1000 above the sea level. From this height the ground slopes to   the South along the      river Kundu till it traverses    into   Pennar valley.  Major     part of its tract   is predominantly black cotton soils

The Nallamalla and Erramalas mountain ranges in the district run parallel from the North to South. The ranges divide the district into two tracts crossed by the Kurnool and Pennar rivers. The North Pagidyala Mandal is about 1000 above sea level. From this height the ground slopes to the South along the river Kundu until it traverses into the Pennar valley. Major part of its tract is black soil. Between the Erramalas and Nallamalas lies the Eastern part of the district comprising numerous villages and towns including:

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Kurnool district has a population of 4,046,601, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia  or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 54th in India (out of a total of 640).  The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq. mi) its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.65%.  Kurnool has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.13%.

 

                     Distribution of Religions

                 Religion

                 Percentage

    Hindus

                    82.11 %

    Muslims

                    16.55 %

    Christian

                    0.82 %

    Others

                    0.52 %

 

 

Household

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1247 households in 38 villages across the district. They found that 94% had access to electricity, 89.7% had drinking water, 34.6% toilet facilities, and 51.6% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 30.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 85.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.

Divisions

Kurnool District has 3 Revenue Divisions viz., Kurnool, Nandyal, Adoni divisions. The district has 54 mandals and 53 Panchayat Samite is (Blocks) under these revenue divisions. It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kurnool and 4 municipalities namely, Nandyal, Adoni, Yemmiganur and Nandikotkur. There are 899 gram panchayats that include 7 notified and 862 non-notified, alongside 920 revenue villages and 615 hamlets.

Mandals

The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table:

 

S.No

   Kurnool Division

   Nandyal Division

   Adoni Division

  1

    Atmakur

    Allagadda

    Adoni

  2

    Bethamcherla

    Banaganapalle

    Alur

  3

    C.Belagal

    Bandi Atmakur

    Apsari

  4

    Dhone

    Chagalamarri

    Chippagiri

  5

    Gudur

    Dornipadu

    Devanakonda

  6

    Jupadu Bungalow

    Gadivemula

    Gonegandla

  7

    Kallur

    Gospadu

    Halaharvi

  8

    Kodumuru

    Koilkuntla

    Holagunda

  9

    Kothapalle

    Kolimigundla

    Kosigi

 10

    Krishnagiri

    Mahanandi

    Kowthalam

 11

    Kurnool

    Nandyal

    Maddikera

 12

    Miduthur

    Owk

    Mantralayam

 13

    Nandikotkur

    Panyam

    Nandavaram

 14

    Orvakal

    Rudravaram

    Pattikonda

 15

    Pagidyala

    Sanjamala

    Pedda kadabur

 16

    Pamulapadu

    Sirvel

    Tuggali

 17

    Peapally

    Uyyalawada

    Yemmiganur

 18

    Srisailam

   

 19

    Veldurthi

   

 20

    Velgode